Ethiopia - 4R Solution



Menjar Shenkora District

Ethiopia is one of the countries affected by the impact of climate change due to increasing temperatures and rainfall fluctuation and drought. The Amhara region is one of the regional states in the country that faces the impact of climate change, suffering from land degradation by long history of deforestation and soil erosion. It is predicted that crop yields could be reduced as much as 50 per cent by 2020, directly affecting smallholder farmers. About 50 per cent of Ethiopia’s economy and 85 per cent of jobs are linked to agriculture and this is true for the Amhara region and Menjar-Shenkora woreda in particular.

The 4R Solution Project will contribute to improved farm profitability of 40,000 smallholder farmers and their families, including 19,412 women and 20,588 men, in eight woredas of the Menjar-Shenkora district on the Northern Shewa Zone in Amhara National Regional State. The project is working with local partners Ethio Wetland and Natural Resources Association (EWNRA) and the Amhara Agricultural Research Institute (ARARI).

The project will be implemented in the high potential production zones in Ethiopia on major crops of the country: Teff (indigenous cereal) and Wheat.

It is anticipated that women and men smallholder farmers, co-operatives and other smallholder farmer-owned enterprises will have increased productivity and profitability of the targeted cash and food crops. Co-operatives, governments and fertilizer suppliers will provide extension services that incorporate 4R Nutrient Stewardship. Supporting sustainable agricultural development that responds to the challenge of climate change is one of the highest priorities of the Government of Ethiopia, as highlighted in the Climate Resilient Green Economy strategy (CRGE). Building on the key findings of the Climate Change National Adaptation Program (NAP-Eth) of 2018 and in line with the Ethiopia’s Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP II – 2016-20), the government continues to focus on smallholder farming, especially as it is important for poverty reduction and food security.


Why Menjar shenkora

The district was selected based on its potential of producing quality Teff (indigenous cereal) and Wheat varieties, which are identified as strategic crops by the government, and the presence of already established Farmers Training Centers (FTC) that will potentially facilitate the adaption of the 4R principles and cross learning among decision makers, farmers, researchers and academia.




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